RGTA® Tissue Engineering

Glycosaminoglycan mimetic associated to human mesenchymal stem cell based scaffolds inhibit ectopic bone formation but induce angiogenesis in vivo

FRESCALINE, Guilhem; Université Paris Est Créteil, Faculté des sciences et Technologie
BOUDERLIQUE, Thibault; Université Paris Est Créteil, Faculté des Sciences et Technologie
MANSOOR, Leyya; Université Paris Est Créteil, Faculté des Sciences et Technologie
CARPENTIER, Gilles; Université Paris Est Créteil, Faculté des Sciences et Technologie
BAROUKH, Brigitte; Université Paris-Descartes, Laboratoire Biothérapies de l’Organe Dentaire EA2496
SINERIZ, Fernando; OTR3 Company
TROUILLAS, Marina; centre de transfusion sanguine des armées, recherches et thérapie cellulaire
SAFFAR, Jean-Louis; Université Paris-Descartes, Laboratoire Biothérapies de l’Organe Dentaire EA2496
COURTY, José; CNRS EAC 7149
LATAILLADE, Jean-Jacques; centre de transfusion sanguine des armées, recherches et thérapie cellulaire
PAPY-GARCIA, Dulce; Université Paris Est Créteil, Faculté des Sciences et Technologie
ALBANESE, Patricia, Université Paris Est Créteil, Faculté des Sciences et Technologie

Abstract

Tissue engineering approaches to stimulate bone formation currently combines bioactive scaffolds with osteocompetent human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSC). Moreover, osteogenic and angiogenic factors are required to promote differentiation and survival of hMSC through improved vascularization through the damaged extracellular matrix (ECM). Glycosaminoglycans (GAG) are ECM compounds acting as modulators of Heparin Binding Proteins (HBP) activities during bone development and regenerative processes. GAG mimetics have been proposed as ECM stabilizers and were previously described for their positive effects on bone formation and angiogenesis after local treatment.

Here, we developed a strategy associating the GAG mimetic [OTR4120] with bone substitutes to optimize stem cell-based therapeutic products. We showed that [OTR4120] was able to potentiate proliferation, migration and osteogenic differentiation of hMSC in vitro. Its link to Tricalcic/Hydroxyapatite (TCP/HA) scaffolds improved their colonization by hMSC. Surprisingly, when these combinations were tested in an ectopic model of bone formation in immunodeficient mice, the GAG mimetic inhibit bone formation induced by hMSC and promoted an osteoclastic activity. Moreover the inflammatory response was modulated and the peri-implant vascularization stimulated. All together, these findings further support the ability of GAG mimetics to organize the local ECM to coordinate the host  response toward the implanted biomaterial, and to inhibit abnormal bone formation process on subcutaneous ectopic site.