A Retrospective Self-Controlled Study Evaluating the Prophylactic Effects of CACIPLIQ20 on Postsurgical Scars
Gilbert Zakine, MD, PhD; Anne Perruisseau-Carrier, MD, PhD; Corinne Becker, MD; Frédéric Sedel, MD, PhD; Luc Téot, MD; and Denis Barritault, PhD
Background: CACIPLIQ20 (OTR3, Paris, France) is a medical device used for the treatment of chronic skin ulcers. It contains a heparan sulfate mimetic that accelerates tissue healing by stabilizing matrix proteins and protecting heparin-binding growth factors. In humans, an open self-controlled study suggested that the topical application of CACIPLIQ20 optimizes skin healing following surgery.
Objectives: To expand previous findings using a different CACIPLIQ20 administration regimen.
Methods: Twenty-four females were referred for breast-reduction surgery. Each patient had their own control with 1 CACIPLIQ20-treated and 1 saline-treated control breast. The treated side (right or left) was randomly assigned by the operating surgeon. Scar appearance was assessed by 6 independent raters using a global visual scar comparison scale based on scar photographs. All raters were blinded toward the CACIPLIQ20-treated side.
Results: The follow-up period following surgery ranged from 1 to 12 months with a median follow-up of 6 months. Overall, there was a mean improvement of 15.2% (SD = 26.7) in favor of CACIPLIQ20 (P = .016). On the CACIPLIQ20-treated side, the mean score per patient was above 20% in 11 patients and above 30% improvement in 8 cases. In contrast, only 3 patients were considered improved by at least 20% on the control side and only 1 above 30%. A comparison of different application regimens suggested that the best trend was obtained with a single administration of CACIPLIQ20 at Day 0.
Conclusions: In conclusion, CACIPLIQ20 could represent an interesting scar prophylactic therapy, based on a single administration at the time of surgery, and without any known adverse effects.